In nature, magnesium can be found in many different forms, bonded with other atoms, such as:
• Magnesium chloride found naturally in the sea
• Magnesite also known as magnesium carbonate the insoluble rock salt
• In plant matter, as the central element in chlorophyll
An easily accessible form of magnesium is magnesium chloride. Because it is soluble in water, magnesium chloride dissociates easily, allowing it to absorb easily and quickly in the human body.
Oxygen, carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen form the basis of compounds found in all living organisms (plants, animals, and the human body). Our tissues, bodily fluids and microscopic elements that regulate the body function are built from these four most common elements. The rest of the body’s contents is made up of minerals like calcium and magnesium.
Once magnesium enters the human body through food, supplements, or topical applications, it is broken down and released to form independent magnesium atoms, or “ions”.
Magnesium is required for the active transport of ions (like potassium and calcium) across cell membranes. Through its role in ion transport systems, magnesium affects the conduction of nerve impulses, muscle contraction, and normal heart rhythm. Magnesium plays a structural role in bone, cell membranes, and chromosomes.
Magnesium cations function as a part of the structure of the body through their presence in bone. But even more important is their function as cell regulators in hundreds of chemical reactions throughout the body.
Magnesium allows enzymes to function properly. Enzymes are the basis of the body’s ability to function. Yet enzymes do not function alone. Enzyme co-factors regulate the functions of enzymes within the human body. Magnesium is one of the most common co-factors in the human body.
Many people are aware of the importance of calcium but not about the essential mineral magnesium. Magnesium plays in some ways an even more crucial role than calcium. As a result, adequate magnesium intake is rare.
Assessing magnesium status is difficult because most magnesium is inside cells or in bone. To comprehensively evaluate magnesium status, both laboratory tests and a clinical assessment might be required.